Delighted to receive confirmation that our paper ‘Permaculture as a foundation for sustainable interaction design and UX‘ has been accepted as a short-paper for the 36th British Human-Computer Interaction Conference: BHCI 2017: Digital Make Believe in Sunderland 3-6th July.
David Benyon and I headed to Garden Cottage today to meet with Graham Bell about the design of our interactive permaculture garden exhibit at Scotland’s Garden Festival in June.
After an enjoyable drive down to Coldstream, on a sunny morn, that allowed David and I to discuss many a thing without the distraction of university life we sat down (after the obligatory walk round the garden) with a fresh coffee to take things forward.
Graham first set out the permaculture stall with talk of; the need to reduce work and eliminate waste; turning things into assets; reducing energy demand and therefore pollution; the garden as a soft living room and teaching space providing less work, the provision of food and well-being. He talked about a ‘garden-in-a-day’, Robert Hart – the International Permaculture Convergence 2017 in India – the Soil Association. Epiphytes, climax trees, fungi as connectors of the whole system, whether a bee is a part of the tree?, and building resilience.
The rest of the meeting concerned generating realistic ideas and working out the logistics of the event.
We need to develop a script and tell a good story.
We talked about: audio of birdsong; wood chip, spent mushroom compost, 60 salad species available in May, an edible poster, plum tree as climax, the concept of a forest garden (the world wants to be a forest), there is no wilderness left in the UK, the longest it takes for a place to become a forest is one lifetime, taking us back to being hunter/gatherers, building soil that does the work for us, feeding soil so that the soil feeds the plants instead of feeding the plants which is what chemical agriculture does, minimum tillage, indicator plants e.g. nettles.
We agreed on the need for small provocations. We could have a bowl of edible picked stuff such as flowers. Graham talked about Abundant Borders an initiative in the Borders that addresses food poverty. Polyculture is the key. We wrapped up the ideas with a discussion about the Happy Museum.
After a delicious lunch from produce in the garden we drilled down to costs etc and agreed on a method that should deliver us a 4msq palette garden in the short timeframe we have.
Graham walked us around the garden identifying numerous edible plants. I filmed this session.
After saying our goodbyes David and I had the luxury of another 90 minute trip home to discuss things further. A long but very productive day.
On the weekend of the 8/9th April I attended the third session (days 5 and 6) of the Permaculture Design Course run by Graham Bell at Garden Cottage, Scottish Borders.
As per previous weekends, four of us car-shared down from a pre-arranged pick-up point at IKEA. During the journey we discussed the mono-agriculture exemplified all around us, and how we have become accustomed to this landscape as the norm – fields upon fields of just a few crops, scattered grazing animals, managed forestry, small pockets of deciduous trees, a minimal amount of people living on the land, and geometric perimeters of hedging.
When you start to think how diverse this landscape was in the past, and indeed would become if left to its own devices, or if a greater diversity of people worked and lived on it, you get an idea of where permaculture wants to take us – from monoculture to polyculture.
After a warm get-together over coffee the 10 participants (and a visiting anthropology student from France studying permaculture people), were led by Nancy on a salad leaf hunt round the garden. We discovered lemon sorrel, ground elder, marjoram, garlic mustard, wild garlic, ramsons wild garlic, lungwort flowers, primrose flowers, kale flowers, lemon balm, fennel, horseradish leaves, ruby sorrel, french sorrel (citrus taste), salad burnet and land cress. We then convened in the sitting room for the background to module three.
Most of the discussion surrounded soil – silt, sand and clay, the mineral fraction that determines the loam. We carried out the classic – soil in a jar with water experiment to determine the loam of the soil at Garden Cottage. We rubbed soil between our fingers, observed it, smelled it, someone even ate a little. We talked about pore space, lazy beds, lightening soil with sand, draining heavy soils with forks, ploughing around contours, the living and dead matter of soil, how organic material improves sand, how humus is ten times as good at holding water than clay.
We mused the surface area of a mature oak tree – 400sq hectares!, and that you can fit 400 oak trees in a hectare – the huge increase in edge that this is.
Graham then led us onto concerns about the destruction of soils – that, built up over tens of thousands of years are now chronically depleted due to chemicals use, since the geologically tiny timeframe of industrialisation. Interesting to note that of course all farming was organic until industrialisation.
Finally, we looked at earthworms – brandlings, fungi, bacteria, nematodes, bees, beetles and ants etc and how the combination of theses living creatures build a cycle of richness into the soil. We learned how trees communicate via mycelium, and – how permaculture is about creating balanced ecologies – habitats where life just happens.
Lunchtime arrived in a flash and as in previous visits we were fed a wonderful curry comprising the gardens’ produce. In the afternoon we gardened in the sunshine, happily musing and sharing our newfound knowledge from the morning’s session. The day ended with harvesting huge roots of horseradish, cleaning, chopping, preserving in vinegar and returning the small roots to tyre towers to begin again the process. Everyone worked happily together – there was much mirth.
We started off the session in the living room, everyone sharing a thought about what they’d been musing after yesterday’s session. It’s life-affirming to share these things with fellow ‘travellers’ and there’s a positive feeling amongst the newly-formed German, French, Scottish, English, American and Italian fellowship. Morticia hit on what my research is about when she offered that ‘doing, improves retention – it grounds it’.
We chatted about Thomas Bewick woodblocks, how paradise in Persian means walled garden, the garden as a symbol and example of life lived fully – the Garden of Eden, ashrams.
There was talk of a project in England where a local community wanted to improve its relations – so they commenced a ‘year of listening’ after which they discovered that: a) most people knew how to garden, b) most woman made clothes, and c) most people were cash strapped. They built a garden as a hub for their shared activities. So this was ‘garden as commonality’ and garden as ‘tuning in with surroundings’. There was an insight that permaculturists are huggers.
We then moved onto Lao Tzu and the Tao De Ching (something I hadn’t put my head into for twenty years) and how we could use the permaculture principles as ‘a response to problems as they arise’.
Graham then provided further insight into permaculture, noting that in his experience there were three kinds of people interested in it:
people interested in homesteading
people interested in enhancing their existing profession
people who are looking for ‘the answer’
Permaculture is about asking the right questions.
The indoor session ended with talk about Sociocracy – whoever turns up is the right people. We were encouraged to use provocations and the session wrapped up with two questions:
What don’t you have?
And, how are you going to get it?
We had another wonderful lunch and spent the afternoon gardening and sitting around the outside table discussing all manner of things whilst peeling and preserving freshly harvested garlic. Most of this discussion I managed to film.
Richard is developing the interactive parts of our garden utilising Arduino and Processing.
We’re designing a two metre square garden that demonstrates the main seven layers of a permaculture forest; the canopy layer, low tree layer, shrub layer, herbaceous layer, rhizosphere, soil surface and vertical layer.
The garden will be augmented with a playful interactive experience, that allows people to understand the workings of the forest via digital viewports at varying heights.
Following the festival we’ll transplant the garden to the Lions Gate project at Merchiston campus.
Delighted that we’ve been successful in our bid for £2500 of public engagement funds for our interactive permaculture garden exhibit at this years Gardening Scotland festival at the Royal Highland Centre in June.
This will enable us to: employ an intern for a two months; get some technological kit; and of course purchase the necessary plants to convey the layers of permaculture in a novel user-experience.
On Thursday March 2nd I attended the SICSA Future Cities: The Economy of Collaboration workshop at The University of Dundee organised by Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art & Design’s Mel Woods, Nick Taylor and Drew Hemment.
The workshop was well-attended and included the following presentations:
Dr Mara Balestrini – Citizen Sensing – Making Sense H2020. IAAC, Barcelona and Ideas for Change.
Dr Drew Hemment – City Verve – Bottom up and collaborative approaches in the UK’s most recent Smart City IoT Demonstrator in Manchester.
Dr Nick Taylor – Grassroots Innovation around Community Technologies in Ardler, Dundee. ESPRC Hacking for Situated Civic Engagement.
Dr Katarzyna Sila-Nowicka – Smart Data Collection by Citizens. Understanding of the data, related privacy issues and possible applications. Urban Data Centre, University of Glasgow.
Ingi Helgason – The MAZI project: developing a Do-It-Yourself toolkit for creating local community wireless networks. Centre for Interaction Design, Edinburgh Napier University.
Cat Magill – Mediating a collaborative design process in the Engergy for All Project. Research Associate at University of Edinburgh and Edinburgh Living Lab.
Alan Dobson and Andrew Kesterton – Smart City notes from a Small City, Dundee City Council.
Some interesting points from the talks include:
the shift from data to the use-case
cities cover three per cent of the earth’s land but output 70 per cent of the pollution
In the afternoon we broke into groups and looked at critical challenges. Our group tackled collaboration and co-design and how art & design may contribute to acceptance of ‘smart behaviours’ (a term no-one was comfortable with). We thought a lot of the problems stemmed from: the cognitive complexity of the technologies; the perceived value of the outcomes; the often top-down methods used; and the dynamics of particular communities.
Following the workshop the organisers were kind enough to give me one of the Grow Observatory ‘Parrot Flower Power Bluetooth wireless plant monitor’ sensors to test (see image). They’ve apparently bought thousands of them for their project. So in the coming weeks I’ll be helping them calibrate the sensor and also personally be critiquing it.
On the weekend of 25th-26th February I and a group of ten other ‘agents of change’ got stuck into PDC 2 at Graham and Nancy Bells’ Garden Cottage in Coldstream, Scottish Borders. Garden Cottage is the oldest food forest garden in the UK (26 years mature).
An early start on Saturday, picking up ride-shares at Barnton and IKEA, for kick off at 09:30. The journey takes about an hour.
On Saturday we focused on capturing and storing energy – potential, kinetic, entropic. We perused yields (true yield = outputs minus inputs). We looked at reduce, reuse, repair, recycle and the need to produce fertility in the soil. We talked about; choices; Earthships; biological, mechanical and chemical solutions; Diggers and Dreamers, grafting apple trees onto hawthorn hedges, William Lindsay Renwick, the Jean Pain Way, and patterns.
Lunch was a delicious curried combination of produce from the garden, after-which Nancy and Graham’s son Sandy (a trustee of the Permaculture Association) took us walkabout – noting inputs and outputs. The day ended with Graham asking us a couple of questions to muse:
Lunch was a fabulous mix of veg from the garden (with a meat option for the non-veggies) with lots of baby/micro leaves on the side, kimchi and a selection of seeded breads, followed by an apple, marzipan and nutmeg tart. Yum.
The weekend drew to a close with lots of discussion and the over-arching sense that we need to capture carbon (plant trees), and halt the damage being done to the continental shelves (clean-up the seas).
There’s no course in March but we return early April, eager to take things further.